Leonard Bernstein Headshot

Leonard Bernstein

Date of Death: October 14, 1990 (72)

Birth Place: Lawrence, MA, USA

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Leonard Bernstein BIO

Leonard Bernstein was born on August 25, 1918, in Lawrence, Massachusetts. He took piano lessons as a boy and attended the Garrison and Boston Latin Schools. At Harvard University, he studied with Walter Piston, Edward Burlingame-Hill, and A. Tillman Merritt, among others. Before graduating in 1939, he made an unofficial conducting debut with his own incidental music to "The Birds," and directed and performed in Marc Blitzstein's "The Cradle Will Rock." Then at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia, he studied piano with Isabella Vengerova, conducting with Fritz Reiner, and orchestration with Randall Thompson.



In 1940, he studied at the Boston Symphony Orchestra's newly created summer festival, the Berkshire Music Center, now named the Tanglewood Music Center, with the orchestra's conductor Serge Koussevitzky. Bernstein later became Koussevitzky's conducting assistant.

Bernstein was appointed to his first permanent conducting post in 1943, as Assistant Conductor of the New York Philharmonic. On November 14, 1943, Bernstein substituted on a few hours' notice for the ailing Bruno Walter at a Carnegie Hall concert, which was broadcast nationally on radio, receiving critical acclaim. Soon orchestras worldwide sought him out as a guest conductor.

In 1945, he was appointed Music Director of the New York City Symphony Orchestra, a post he held until 1947. After Serge Koussevitzky died in 1951, Bernstein headed the orchestral and conducting departments at Tanglewood, teaching there for many years. In 1951, he married the Chilean actress and pianist, Felicia Montealegre. He was also visiting music professor, and head of the Creative Arts Festivals at Brandeis University in the early 1950s.

Bernstein became Music Director of the New York Philharmonic in 1958. From then until 1969 he led more concerts with the orchestra than any previous conductor. He subsequently held the lifetime title of Laureate Conductor, making frequent guest appearances with the orchestra. More than half of Bernstein's 400-plus recordings were made with the New York Philharmonic.

Bernstein traveled the world as a conductor. Immediately after World War II, in 1946, he conducted in London and at the International Music Festival in Prague. In 1947 he conducted in Tel Aviv, beginning a relationship with Israel that lasted until his death. In 1953, Bernstein was the first American to conduct opera at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan: Cherubini's "Medea" with Maria Callas.

Bernstein was a leading advocate of American composers, particularly Aaron Copland. The two remained close friends for life. As a young pianist, Bernstein performed Copland's "Piano Variations" so often he considered the composition his trademark. Bernstein programmed and recorded nearly all of the Copland orchestral works—many of them twice. He devoted several televised "Young People's Concerts" to Copland, and gave the premiere of Copland's "Connotations," commissioned for the opening of Philharmonic Hall (now David Geffen Hall) at Lincoln Center in 1962.

While Bernstein's conducting repertoire encompassed the standard literature, he may be best remembered for his performances and recordings of Haydn, Beethoven, Brahms, Schumann, Sibelius and Mahler. Particularly notable were his performances of the Mahler symphonies with the New York Philharmonic in the 1960s, sparking a renewed interest in the works of Mahler.

Inspired by his Jewish heritage, Bernstein completed his first large-scale work: Symphony No. 1: "Jeremiah" (1943). The piece was first performed with the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra in 1944, conducted by the composer, and received the New York Music Critics' Award. Koussevitzky premiered Bernstein's Symphony No. 2: "The Age of Anxiety" (1949) with the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Bernstein as piano soloist. His Symphony No.3: "Kaddish" (1963), premiered by the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, is dedicated "To the Beloved Memory of John F. Kennedy."

Other major compositions by Bernstein include Prelude, Fugue and Riffs for solo clarinet and jazz ensemble (1949); Serenade for violin, strings and percussion, (1954); Symphonic Dances from "West Side Story," (1960); Chichester Psalms for chorus, boy soprano and orchestra (1965); MASS: A Theater Piece for Singers, Players and Dancers (1971), commissioned for the opening of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC, and first produced there in 1971; Songfest a song cycle for six singers and orchestra (1977); Divertimento for orchestra (1980); Halil for solo flute and small orchestra (1981); Touches for solo piano (1981); Missa Brevis for singers and percussion (1988); Anniversaries for solo piano; Concerto for Orchestra ("Jubilee Games") (1989); and Arias and Barcarolles for two singers and piano duet (1988).

Bernstein also wrote a one-act opera, Trouble in Tahiti (1952), and its sequel, the three-act opera, A Quiet Place (1983). He collaborated with choreographer Jerome Robbins on three major ballets: Fancy Free (1944) and Facsimile (1946) for the American Ballet theater; and Dybbuk (1975) for the New York City Ballet. He composed the score for the award-winning movie On the Waterfront (1954) and incidental music for two Broadway plays: Peter Pan (1950) and The Lark (1955).

Bernstein contributed substantially to the Broadway musical stage. He collaborated with Betty Comden and Adolph Green on On the Town (1944) and Wonderful Town (1953). In collaboration with Richard Wilbur and Lillian Hellman and others he wrote Candide (1956). Other versions of Candide were written in association with Hugh Wheeler, Stephen Sondheim, et al. In 1957 he again collaborated with Jerome Robbins, Stephen Sondheim, and Arthur Laurents, on the landmark musical West Side Story, also made into the Academy Award-winning film. In 1976 Bernstein and Alan Jay Lerner wrote 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue.

Festivals of Bernstein's music have been produced throughout the world. In 1978, the Israel Philharmonic sponsored a festival commemorating his years of dedication to Israel. The Israel Philharmonic also bestowed on him the lifetime title of Laureate Conductor in 1988. In 1986, the London Symphony Orchestra and the Barbican Centre produced a Bernstein Festival. The London Symphony Orchestra in 1987 named him Honorary President. In 1989, the city of Bonn presented a Beethoven/Bernstein Festival.

In 1985, the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences honored Mr. Bernstein with the Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award. He won eleven Emmy Awards in his career. His televised concert and lecture series started with the Omnibus program in 1954, followed by the extraordinary Young People's Concerts with the New York Philharmonic, in 1958 that extended over fourteen seasons. Among his many appearances on the PBS series Great Performances was the eleven-part acclaimed "Bernstein's Beethoven." In 1989, Bernstein and others commemorated the 1939 invasion of Poland in a worldwide telecast from Warsaw.

Bernstein's writings were published in The Joy of Music (1959), Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts (1961), The Infinite Variety of Music (1966), and Findings (1982). Each has been widely translated. He gave six lectures at Harvard University in 1972-1973 as the Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry. These lectures were subsequently published and televised as The Unanswered Question. Bernstein always rejoiced in opportunities to teach young musicians. His master classes at Tanglewood were famous. He was instrumental in founding the Los Angeles Philharmonic Institute in 1982. He helped create a world class training orchestra at the Schleswig Holstein Music Festival. He founded the Pacific Music Festival in Sapporo, Japan. Modeled after Tanglewood, this international festival was the first of its kind in Asia and continues to this day.

Bernstein received many honors. He was elected in 1981 to the American Academy of Arts and Letters, which gave him a Gold Medal. The National Fellowship Award in 1985 applauded his life-long support of humanitarian causes. He received the MacDowell Colony's Gold Medal; medals from the Beethoven Society and the Mahler Gesellschaft; the Handel Medallion, New York City's highest honor for the arts; a Tony award (1969) for Distinguished Achievement in the Theater; and dozens of honorary degrees and awards from colleges and universities. He was presented ceremonial keys to the cities of Oslo, Vienna, Beersheeva and the village of Bernstein, Austria, among others. National honors came from Italy, Israel, Mexico, Denmark, Germany (the Great Merit Cross), and France (Chevalier, Officer and Commandeur of the Legion d'Honneur). He received the Kennedy Center Honors in 1980.

World peace was a particular concern of Bernstein. Speaking at Johns Hopkins University in 1980 and the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York in 1983, he described his vision of global harmony. His "Journey for Peace" tour to Athens and Hiroshima with the European Community Orchestra in 1985, commemorated the 40th anniversary of the atom bomb. In December 1989, Bernstein conducted the historic "Berlin Celebration Concerts" on both sides of the Berlin Wall, as it was being dismantled. The concerts were unprecedented gestures of cooperation, the musicians representing the former East Germany, West Germany, and the four powers that had partitioned Berlin after World War II.

Bernstein supported Amnesty International from its inception. To benefit the effort in 1987, he established the Felicia Montealegre Fund in memory of his wife who died in 1978.

In 1990, Bernstein received the Praemium Imperiale, an international prize created in 1988 by the Japan Arts Association and awarded for lifetime achievement in the arts. Bernstein used the $100,000 prize to establish The Bernstein Education Through the Arts (BETA) Fund, Inc. before his death on October 14, 1990.

Leonard Bernstein Photos

Leonard Bernstein STAGE CREDITS

[Broadway]
Concert [Broadway], 1973
Special Guest

Leonard Bernstein Productions

 
[Regional (US), 2018]
Music
 
[Broadway, 2014]
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[Broadway, 2009]
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[Off-Broadway, 2008]
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[Off-Broadway, 2005]
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[Broadway, 1997]
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[Broadway, 1980]
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[Broadway, 1977]
Composer
 
[Broadway, 1971]
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[Regional (US), 1971]
Conductor
 
[US Tour, 1971]
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[Broadway, 1968]
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[Off-Broadway, 1964]
Music Consultant
 
[Broadway, 1964]
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[Broadway, 1960]
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[US Tour, 1959]
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[West End, 1958]
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[Off-Broadway, 1958]
Conductor
 
[Broadway, 1957]
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[Broadway, 1956]
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[Broadway, 1955]
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[Broadway, 1944]
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Writing

Source Material
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Leonard Bernstein Movies

West Side Story
[ 1961 ] music by
Wild Side Story
[ 1976 ] music by
Bernstein: Wonderful Town
[ 2018 ] music by

Leonard Bernstein Awards and Nominations

Olivier Awards - 2009 - Best Musical Revival

Leonard Bernstein, West Side Story


winner
Olivier Awards - 2000 - Outstanding Musical Production

Leonard Bernstein, Candide


winner
Olivier Awards - 1988 - Musical of the Year

Leonard BernsteinCandide

Olivier Awards - 1986 - Musical of the Year

Leonard BernsteinWonderful Town!

Drama Desk Awards - 1976 - Outstanding Music & Lyrics

Leonard Bernstein, 16 Pennsylvania Avenue


winner
New York Drama Critics Circle Awards - 1974 - Best Musical

Leonard Bernstein, Candide


winner
Tony Awards - 1969 - Special Tony Award

Leonard Bernstein

Tony Awards - 1958 - Best Musical

Leonard Bernstein, West Side Story

Tony Awards - 1957 - Best Musical

Leonard Bernstein, Candide


winner
New York Drama Critics Circle Awards - 1953 - Best Musical

Leonard Bernstein, Wonderful Town


winner
Tony Awards - 1953 - Best Musical

Leonard Bernstein, Wonderful Town

Leonard Bernstein Videos

Leonard Bernstein News


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HAMPTONS SUMMER SONGBOOK BY THE SEA Concert Series Begins This Month At LTV Studios

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RACHMANINOFF AND THE TSAR by Hershey Felder To Play Balboa Theatre in August

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Scarlett Strallen, Tony Yazbeck & More Join CLASSICS UP CLOSE: BERNSTEIN'S BROADWAY at CSC

Classic Stage Company has revealed additional performers for Classics Up Close: Bernstein’s Broadway, a benefit concert directed by Cara Akselrad. See who is starring and learn how to purchase tickets.
The 92nd Street Y, New York To Present Midsummer MusicFest 2024

The 92nd Street Y, New York will present the Curtis Institute of Music in the Midsummer MusicFest, featuring performances by some of classical music’s most exciting young artists. Learn more about the events and see how to attend!
Fantasia Orchestra Will Perform Two Concerts at the 2024 Proms at St Jude's

Fantasia Orchestra – a dynamic ensemble of some of the UK’s finest young musicians who have recently announced their BBC Proms debut this year – will perform two concerts at the 2024 Proms at St Jude’s, their sixth consecutive year at the festival.
Full Cast Set For THE BAKER'S WIFE at The Menier Chocolate Factory

The Menier Chocolate Factory has announced full casting for Gordon Greenberg’s production of The Baker’s Wife – with music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Joseph Stein. Learnm ore about the cast here!
Louisville Orchestra Reveals In Harmony 2024 Tour Dates

The Louisville Orchestra revealed the dates for their In Harmony 2024 tour, featuring performances across multiple cities. See where they are performing and learn how to purchase tickets.
Sam Turlington to Star as Joan of Arc in Leonard Bernstein's THE LARK at The NYU Skirball Center

Sam Turlington stars as Joan of Arc in Leonard Bernstein's THE LARK at The NYU Skirball Center, celebrating pride month and the anniversary of Joan's martyrdom with a multi-disciplinary concert. Learn how to purchase tickets.
CANDIDE is Now Playing at Den Norske Opera

Candide is now playing at Den Norske Opera. Performances run through 13 June 2024.
Review: CANDIDE at Her Majesty's Theatre, Adelaide Festival Centre

This is the best of all possible performances.
Cast Set For WEST SIDE STORY At Summer Place Theatre

Summer Place Theatre in Naperville has revealed the cast for WEST SIDE STORY. See who is starring and learn how to purchase tickets.
CANDIDE Comes to Den Norske Opera This Week

Step into the Main Stage and have your mind blown! Glitter and be gay! Leonard Bernstein's Candide as a concert – complete with a full orchestra, opera chorus and opera soloists.
Kate Baldwin, Santino Fontana and More to Lead CLASSICS UP CLOSE: BERNSTEIN'S BROADWAY at CSC

Classic Stage Company will present Classics Up Close: Bernstein’s Broadway, a benefit concert directed by Cara Akselrad. See who is starring and learn how to purchase tickets.
Bernadette Peters Will Perform in Concert at Barrington Stage Company This Summer

Bernadette Peters will perform in concert at Barrington Stage Company, as part of its 30th Anniversary Celebration this summer. The performance is set for Tuesday, August 27 at 8:00 p.m. on the Boyd-Quinson Stage.
Abu Dhabi Festival And Robert Townson Productions Present PICTURES AT AN EXHIBITION: THE PAINTINGS OF BOB PEAK

Experience a world premiere orchestra concert event at Walt Disney Concert Hall on June 14, featuring iconic film scores and new compositions inspired by legendary illustrator Bob Peak's artwork.
Satellite Collective's Tribeca Show 2024 to Present LIAR LEAR KING & More

Experience the NYC premiere of LIAR LEAR KING at Satellite Collective's Tribeca Show 2024. Learn more about programming and see how to purchase tickets.

Leonard Bernstein FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How many Broadway shows has Leonard Bernstein been in?

Leonard Bernstein has appeared on Broadway in 1 shows.

How many West End shows has Leonard Bernstein been in?

Leonard Bernstein has not appeared in the West End

What awards has Leonard Bernstein been nominated for?

Leonard Bernstein has been nominated for several awards throughout his career. Some of the notable nominations include Best Musical Revival at the Olivier Awards for "West Side Story," Outstanding Musical Production at the Olivier Awards for "Candide," and Musical of the Year at the Olivier Awards for both "Candide" and "Wonderful Town." He was also nominated for Outstanding Music & Lyrics at the Drama Desk Awards for "1600 Pennsylvania Avenue." Additionally, Bernstein's work received recognition at the New York Drama Critics Circle Awards, where he was nominated for Best Musical for "Candide" and "Wonderful Town." He also received a Special Tony Award and won the Best Musical category at the Tony Awards for both "West Side Story" and "Candide."

What awards has Leonard Bernstein won?

Leonard Bernstein has won several awards throughout his career. Some of his notable wins include the Outstanding Musical Production and Musical of the Year awards at the Olivier Awards for "Candide". He also received the Best Musical award at the New York Drama Critics Circle Awards for both "Candide" and "Wonderful Town". In addition, Bernstein was honored with a Special Tony Award and won the Best Musical award at the Tony Awards for "Wonderful Town".

How many shows has Leonard Bernstein written?

Leonard Bernstein has written 20 shows including Trouble in Tahiti (Libretto/Music), On the Town (Composer), Peter Pan (Composer), Wonderful Town (Composer), Candide (Composer), West Side Story (Composer), A Party with Betty Comden & Adolph Green (Composer), Mass (Composer), By Bernstein (Composer), 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue (Composer), Side by Side by Sondheim (Composer), The Madwoman of Central Park West (Composer), Barbara Cook: A Concert for the Theatre (Composer), Jerome Robbins' Broadway (Composer), Taking a Chance on Love (Composer), Barbara Cook's Broadway! (Composer), Score (Source Material), Chita Rivera: The Dancer's Life (Composer), Maestro: The Art of Leonard Bernstein (Composer), The Skin of Our Teeth (Composer).

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