"Swan Lake" is one of the most fantastic and perfect creations of world art, perhaps the most famous ballet in the world. His music and choreography for a long time considered a recognized masterpiece of World ballet, one of the most remarkable achievements of the Russian culture. A White Swan will forever remain a symbol of the Russian Ballet, the symbol of its beauty and grandeur.
The story of Swan Lake was started in 1875, when commissioned by the Bolshoi Theatre young but already famous composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky composes the music for the ballet "at the invitation of the Moscow Directorate write music to ballet" Swan Lake ". I took up this work partly for the money, which need, in part because I wanted to try myself in this kind of music "(P. I. Tchaikovsky, from the letter to the N.a. Rimsky-Korsakov). Treatment of the composer (and by the time Tchaikovsky had already established four symphonies, the Piano Concerto and the Opera "Eugene Onegin") was not common at the time. In the Imperial theatres for this kind of creativity there were established composers-Caesar Pugni, Ludwig Minkus, Riccardo Drigo. Tchaikovsky did not set a goal of a "revolution" in the Ballet. With his usual modesty, he carefully studied ballet scores, not breaking with the established forms and traditions of ballet performances, from within to fill their underpinning high richness. But now it is generally accepted that it is Swan Lake has opened National Ballet unprecedented musical horizons, the developed subsequently and by Tchaikovsky and his followers.
The music was composed in May 1875 and April 1876. The ballet is a fabulous story of Knight's time. There are many opinions about his literary sources: referred to as Heinrich Heine, German storyteller by Johann Muzeusa, a Russian fairy tale about a girl-swans and even Alexander Pushkin, but history itself is completely independent. The idea, probably belonged to the composer, but the authors of the libretto as Inspector of the Moscow theatres Vladimir Begichev and Vasiliy Geltser ballet dancer.
Opening night of performance took place on February 20, 1877 onwards, but, alas, proved extremely unsuccessful. Responsible for the failure of the public entrusted the choreographer Wenzel Rejzingera, not praised by contemporaries and the first singer of the main party of the Pauline Karpakovu.