According to the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, the Judean Princess Salome danced for her stepfather Herod Antipas and in return asked for the head of the prophet John the Baptist to be brought on a silver tray. The biblical temptress has inspired a number of painters (Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Rubens), writers (Heine, Flaubert) and composers (Massenet), yet Salome was above all immortalised in art owing to a play by Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) and an opera by Richard Strauss (1864-1949), whose extremely dramatic work, fraught with eroticism, met with thunderous ovations at its premiere at the Hofoper in Dresden on 9 December 1905. Within the next two years, Salome was staged by some 50 opera houses. Nevertheless, there were exceptions. Gustav Mahler called the opera a work of a genius, yet he was not allowed to present it at the Hofoper in Vienna, since the sensors deemed it “perverse”. In London, Salome was banned owing to the Lord Chamberlain. New York’s Metropolitan Opera did stage the work (on 22 January 1907), yet the public umbrage was so immense that it had to be withdrawn from the repertoire immediately. The new Prague production will be undertaken by the distinguished Polish film and stage director Mariusz Treli?ski and the leading Slovak set designer Boris Kudli?ka.