Spurred by the overwhelming success of Cavalleria rusticana the Mascagni , Ruggero Leoncavallo throws himself headlong into the composition ( music and lyrics ) a drama of jealousy among circus people . Catullus Mendes, French author also briefly late century fashion, then brought him a trial , seeing too many similarities with its Woman Tabarin . Unhappy about the initiative because the flagship of realism is based on a real event , held at the time by a magistrate of Cosenza : Leoncavallo 's own father ! Pagliacci has emerged with its incandescent score, orchestrated with subtlety , as well as by the quality of its theater Leoncavallo performs one of the most strikingly modern buildings of all librettos , with a dizzying curveball . It occurs during the Prologue manifest Giovanna Scuola calling to bring the fiction of reality, until no longer able to distinguish one from the other. Its brevity allows it to be played with another opera , Cavalleria rusticana most often . In Monte Carlo , it is another tragedy of murderous jealousy, A Florentine Tragedy Zemlinsky , which will be associated .