Antonio Salieri rejected supposedly the composition of Così fan tutte, because the text "is unworthy to be used in music". Beethoven was the cloth to lightly, he felt disgust. Mozart but a court order had received for an opera in the autumn of 1789. Like with da Ponte continued to work on the book - he created a masterpiece from this. In a typical of the 18th century experimental Figure constellation Ponte and Mozart the normal buffa scheme turned around as ironic: lovers come together not by a cabal, but be separated.
The mephistophelische philosopher Don Alfonso provoked the officers Ferrando and Guillelmo with the assertion that women were never true. It is understood a bet. Ferrando and Guillelmo pretending to pull in the war and tearful away her fiancee Fiordiligi and Dorabella. The maid Despina immediately advises the women - in the spirit of Don Alfonso - to amuse, as soldiers were anyway not loyal with others. Fiordiligi and Dorabella are outraged. Disguised Ferrando and Guillelmo return after it succeeds two actually, to seduce the fiancée of each other and to convince to marry. Once the fake marriage is in place, the two officers again appear as themselves. The staging is revealed. All are angry and disappointed. Don Alfonso brings together but again the output pairs - the scam lies in nature, you must live with it.
Soon after the premiere on January 26, 1790 in the Burgtheater Così fan was criticized tutte as too frivolous and disfigured by moralistic edits. Only in the 20th century, you could use the ironic Disillusionment of passions and exposure from delusions about the own virtues and ideals begin again something - currently is Così fan tutte is one of the most frequently staged operas of Mozart.