Carlo Gozzi , who recorded the fairy tale "The Love for Three Oranges » (L'amore delle tre melarance, 1761) in the spirit of the Italian commedia dell'arte , was fond of saying : "We should remember that if it hits a parody of an exaggeration, it will never reach positive goals ! " .
Starting in 1918, in a long tour of America , 27 -year-old Sergei Prokofiev took with him a theatrical magazine, which published Vsevolod Meyerhold with a group of leaders of the new Russian theater. Magazine named the same as the famous tale - parody ( " fyaba ") Carlo Gozzi - " Love for Three Oranges ." Her freestyle stage version was published in the first issue of the magazine . Vsevolod Meyerhold , together with Vladimir Solovyov and Konstantin Vogak rethink Gozzi tale in the spirit of conventional theater . Piece enticed young composer "mixture tales , jokes and satire , and most importantly - its theatricality ," so when the management decided to order the Chicago Opera " invincible Scythians" new work , Prokofiev recalled council Meyerhold write this story ostrosovremennuyu opera that would be detonated stage stamps and canons , and went to work .
Bubbling over opera was created as soon as possible , and by the autumn of 1919 the score was ready.
"It's easy , fun " opera , as he called it himself Prokofiev came witty and inventive , remembering in parodic form his own impressions about the theater of pre-revolutionary Russia . Bold experiment of the genre , combining acute and grotesque lyrics , however, did not lead to its destruction , and opened new opportunities for the old Italian opera buffa . The main action of " Love for Three Oranges" and is accompanied by a parallel interrupted : characters prologue - cranks , comedians , thespians - constantly interfering in events , comment on them , helping those in need heroes. The introduction of these characters associated with the theatrical nature of the design : the characteristic time for debate on how to be art - mindlessly cheerful, tragic or lyrical - and carriers are the main action , and commenting on his " audience ." Well, the plot revolves around a hypochondriac Prince fall in love accursed witch Fata Morgana in three oranges , says , as befits a fairy tale, the victory of good over evil , love over witchcraft.
Premiere of "The Oranges " was held December 30, 1921 in Chicago. Conducted by the author , the opera was in French. Was a huge success . February 18, 1926 " Oranges " first sounded in Russian - the Leningrad Theater of Opera and Ballet ( Mariinsky ) . Meyerhold staged opera student Sergey Radloff ; The composer , who was present at the premiere, acknowledged his statement better .
Opera "The Love for Three Oranges " - a wonderful mixture of commedia dell'arte theater in theater, farce , satire and fairy tales. This is one of the most fun , dynamic and cheerful operas XX century , full of imagination , ingenuity , sharp rhythms and contrasts, combining grotesque and lyrics reality and fairy tale. " We tried to install over whom I laugh : over public over Gozzi over operatic form or not knowing how to laugh . Found in the "Orange" and laugh and call, and the grotesque , while I just wrote an amusing show "- recalled the composer .