Hauser & Wirth Presents MIRA SCHENDEL, 3/4-4/26
Hauser & Wirth is proud to present Mira Schendel, the gallery's debut exhibition of works by one of the most significant Latin American artists of the 20th century. Spanning two decades of the artist's career, from the 1960s to the 1980s, works on view reveal the artistic, intellectual, and spiritual development of a woman who, with her contemporaries Lygia Clark and He?lio Oiticica, reinvented the language of European Modernism in Brazil. Through her pensive, delicate, and breathtaking art, Schendel - painter, poet, sculptor - created a new lexicon. Her work was described by late Brazilian poet Haroldo de Campos as 'an art of voids, where the utmost redundance begins to produce original information; an art of words and quasi-words where the graphic form veils and unveils, seals and unseals...a semiotic art of icons, indexes, symbols which print on the blank of the page their luminous foam'.
The exhibition Mira Schendel is dedicated to the memory of Frances Dittmer.
Conceived and organized by Olivier Renaud-Cle?ment, Mira Schendel will remain on view at Hauser & Wirth's East 69th Street gallery through 26 April 2014. This exhibition follows the acclaimed, first-ever international museum survey devoted to Schendel, held this past autumn at Tate Modern, London, and traveling in 2014 to the Fundac?a?o de Serralves - Museu de Arte Contempora?nea, Porto, and the Pinacoteca do Estado de Sa?o Paulo.
Mira Schendel (1919 - 1988) was born into a Jewish family in Zu?rich, Switzerland. She grew up in Italy, where she was raised Roman Catholic and studied philosophy before being forced to move between Bulgaria, Austria, and Sarajevo to avoid Fascist persecution; she then emigrated to Brazil in 1949. Schendel settled in Sa?o Paulo in 1953, discovering a dynamic city in the midst of artistic and social revolution. Postwar Sa?o Paulo was a home to immigrants and a place where rapid change encouraged the development of Schendel's ideas, proving an ideal place for her to create a unique visual language that conveys her intellectual, spiritual, and philosophical concerns.
Beginning in the mid-1960s, Schendel produced some of her most iconic work, including the widely recognized series 'Monotipias' (Monotypes). Astonishing in their confident spareness, her drawings on Japanese rice paper are characterized by heartbreaking delicacy. First inking a sheet of glass, Schendel used her finger to trace free-floating lines onto sheets of translucent paper. The slightly fuzzy character of her lines imbues these small works with palpable energy, as if Schendel had charged empty space with electrical wires. Among works on view in Mira Schendel will be 'Variantes II' (1965), comprised of fourteen parts and developed in a way that allows the work to be viewed from both sides. Characterized by minimalist geometric motifs, delicate lines, or typeset letters, Schendel's 'Monotipias' probe notions of temporality and transience.
At the 10th Sa?o Paulo Biennial, in 1969, Mira Schendel presented 'Ondas paradas de probabilidade (Still waves of probability)', a seminal, politically charged masterpiece of the artist's oeuvre that will be included in the exhibition at Hauser & Wirth. In protest against Brazil's military dictatorship (1964 - 1985), many artists chose to boycott the Biennial; however, Schendel's controversial participation in the event reflects her own personal form of resistance, revealing her intention via a 'visual silence.' On the second floor of Hauser & Wirth's townhouse, thousands of nylon threads will hang suspended from the ceiling. Extending to the floor, these delicate strands create a volumetric space at once opaque and transparent. Experimenting with ephemeral materials, Schendel became increasingly interested in transforming linguistic elements into objects and, here, presents a text from the Old Testament alongside an adjacent wall. While light filters through, Schendel's installation dematerializes in our presence; it asserts the artist's desire to establish a relationship between transparency, human existence, and the intangibility of God.